Large Numbers in Mongoose

Working with Long numbers in mongoose

For most of the cases the Number SchemaType works well for handling Integers and Floats in Mongoose, but when you need to handle large numbers you need mongoose-long npm module. Here is how you can do it.

Suppose You have a mongoose schema Part and you have a field referenceId which stores a very big integer (e.g. 100000000000000005).

Get Started

Install the package

npm i mongoose-long

Here is the mongoose schema.

const mongoose = require("mongoose");
let Schema = mongoose.Schema;
require("mongoose-long")(mongoose);
mongoose.connect("mongodb://localhost/appsyoda", { useNewUrlParser: true });

const db = mongoose.connection;
db.on("error", console.error.bind(console, "connection error:"));
db.once("open", function() {
    // we're connected!
    console.log("connected");
});

const SchemaTypes = mongoose.Schema.Types;
const partSchema = new Schema({ referenceId: SchemaTypes.Long });

const Part = db.model("Part", partSchema);

The mongoose-long the package gives you new Schema type which is mongoose.Schema.Types.Long (it is not available by default in mongoose for unknown reason) and this is the schema type that allows you the use of big integers in mongoose.

Increment a Big Integer

Suppose you wanted to increment the value of referenceId property a given part object. Here is what you need to do.

const Long = mongoose.Types.Long;
console.log("referenceId before " + part.referenceId);

part.referenceId = part.referenceId.add(Long.fromString("1"));
part.save();
console.log("referenceId after " + part.referenceId);

Here is the output you’ll get

$ node long-numbers-mongoose.js 
referenceId before 100000000000000005
referenceId after100000000000000006

I hope you get the idea.

Multiply a Big Integer

Suppose you want to multiply the value inside referenceId to some other value. You need to use multiply function. Check the code snippet below.

const part = new Part({ referenceId: "100000000005" });

const Long = mongoose.Types.Long;
console.log("referenceid before " + part.referenceId);

part.referenceId = part.referenceId.multiply(Long.fromString("100"));
part.save();
console.log("referenceid after " + part.referenceId);

Here is the output you will get

Output:
$ node long-numbers-mongoose.js 
referenceid before 100000000005
referenceid after 10000000000500

Similarly for division you can use div function

Comparing Long Integers in Mongoose

For comparing large numbers in mongoose, you can use various functions like compare, greaterThanOrEqual , greaterThan, lessThanOrEqual, lessThan, notEquals, equals

Here is the sample code snippet.

const part1 = new Part({ referenceId: "5700000000700" });
const part2 = new Part({ referenceId: "5678998891993" });
const part3 = new Part({ referenceId: "473266283872387" });
const part4 = new Part({ referenceId: "56683832733232" });

const Long = mongoose.Types.Long;
console.log("compare " + part1.referenceId.compare(part2.referenceId));
console.log("greaterThanOrEqual " + part3.referenceId.greaterThanOrEqual(part4.referenceId));
console.log("comgreaterThan " + part1.referenceId.greaterThan(part4.referenceId));
console.log("lessThanOrEqual " + part3.referenceId.lessThanOrEqual(part2.referenceId));
console.log("lessThan " + part2.referenceId.lessThan(part4.referenceId));
console.log("notEquals " + part1.referenceId.notEquals(part1.referenceId));
console.log("equals " + part1.referenceId.equals(part1.referenceId));

Here is the output you will get:

$ node long-numbers-mongoose.js 
compare 1
greaterThanOrEqual true
comgreaterThan false
lessThanOrEqual false
lessThan true
notEquals false
equals true

Conclusion

By default, mongoose doesn’t allow you to deal with large numbers, but once you use npm package mongoose-long, you can deal with large numbers, store them in MongoDB. You can check the list of all the functions available with Long here

Write your doubts/queries in comments section.

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Working with Long numbers in mongoose

by Mohit Sehgal time to read: 2 min
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